Abbey, J. G., Rosenfeld, B., Pessin, H., & Breitbart, W. (2006). Hopelessness at the end of life: The utility of the hopelessness scale with terminally ill cancer patients. British Journal of Health Psychology, 11(2), 173-183. P HSC
Abdel-Khalek, A., & Scioli, A. (2010). Hope, spirituality, optimism, pessimism, and anxiety: A Kuwaiti-American comparison. Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, 21, 137-160. P HSC
Abdel-Khalek, A. & Snyder, C. R. (2007). Correlates and predictors of an Arabic translation of the Snyder Hope Scale. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 2(4), 228-235. P HSC
Abraham, I.L. (1991). The geriatric depression scale and hopelessness index: Longitudinal psychometric data on frail nursing home residents. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 72, 875-880. P HSC
Ahmed, S.M.S. & Duhamel, P. (1994). Psychometric properties of the scale of individual differences – Measure of hope. Psychological Reports, 74, 801-802. P HSC
Aish, A.M., & Wasserman, D. (2001). Does Beck's Hopelessness Scale really measure several components? Psychological Medicine, 31(2), 367-372. P
Allen, J.G., Newson, G.E., Gabbard G.O., & Coyne, L. (1984). Scales to assess the therapeutic alliance from a psychoanalytic perspective. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 48(5), 383-400. P HSC
Arnau, R.C. (2003). Hope: Its measurement and
relationships with personality and mental health (Doctoral dissertation,
Arnau, R. C., Martinez, P., de Guzman, I. N., Herth, K., & Konishi, C. Y. (2010). A Spanish-language version of the Herth Hope Scale: Development and psychometric evaluation in a Peruvian sample. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 70(5), 808-824. P HSC
Auld, F. (1994). Beck hopelessness scale. In D.J. Keyser & R.C. Sweetland (Eds.), Test Critiques Vol. 10 (pp. 82-90). Austen: Pro Ed. HSC
Averill, J.R., Catlin, G., & Chon, K.K.
(1990). Rules of Hope.
Babyak, M.A., Snyder, C.R., & Yoshinobu, L. (1993). Psychometric properties of the Hope Scale: A confirmatory factor analysis. Journal of Research in Personality, 27, 154-169. P HSC
Bailey, T. C., Eng, W., Frisch, M. B., & Snyder, C. R. (2007). Hope and optimism as related to life satisfaction. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 2(3), 168-175. P HSC
Beck, A.T., Weissman, A., Lester, D., & Trexler, L. (1974). The measurement of pessimism: The hopelessness scale. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 4(6), 861-865. P HSC
Berg, C. J., Schauer, G. L., Rodgers, K., & Narula, S. K. (2012). College student smokers: Former versus current and nonsmokers. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 43(5, Suppl 3), S229-S236. P HSC
Berkich, C.D. (1996). Development and validation of a scale to measure hope in preschool and primary age children (Doctoral dissertation, University of Kansas, 1995). Dissertation Abstracts International, 57(03), 2213B.
Bonner, R.L., & Rich, A.R. (1991). Predicting vulnerability to hopelessness. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 179(1), 29-32. P HSC
Brackney, B.E. & Westman, A.S. (1992). Relationships among hope, psychosocial development, and locus of control. Psychological Reports, 70, 864-866. P HSC
Bringle, R. G., Phillips, M. A., & Hudson, M. (2004). Self and self-concept. In The measure of service learning: Research scales to assess student experiences.(pp.97-142). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. HSC
Bringle, R. G., Phillips, M. A., Hudson, M.(2004). The measure of service learning: Research scales to assess student experiences. Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.
Brouwer, D., Meijer, R. R., Weekers, A. M., & Baneke, J. J. (2008). On the dimensionality of the Dispositional Hope Scale. Psychological Assessment, 20(3), 310-315. P HSC
Carifio, J. & Rhodes, L. (2002). Construct validities and the empirical relationships between optimism, hope, self-efficacy, and locus of control. Work, 19, 125-136. P HSC
Cassaretto, M. B., & Martinez, P. (2009). Validation of the Humor Style Questionnaire with university students. [Spanish]. Validacion de la escala del sentido del humor en estudiantes universitarios. Revista de Psicologia, 27(2), 287-309. P HSC
Chan, K. S., Li, H. C. W., Chan, S. W-C., & Lopez, V. (2012). Herth Hope Index: Psychometric testing of the Chinese version. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(9), 2079-2085. P HSC
Cheavens, J.S., Michael, S.T. & Snyder, C.R. (2005). The correlates of hope: Psychological and physiological benefits. In J. Eliott (Ed.), Interdisciplinary perspectives on hope (pp. 119-132). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. HSC
Chen, C., Shen, H., & Li, X. (2009). Reliability and validity of adult dispositional Hope Scale. [Chinese]. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 17(1), 24-26. P
Creamer, M., O'Donnell, M. L., Carboon, I., Lewis, V., Densley, K., McFarlane, A., Silove, D., & Bryant, R. A. (2009). Evaluation of the Dispositional Hope Scale in injury survivors. Journal of Research in Personality, 43(4), 613-617. P HSC
Dyce, J.A. (1996). Factor structure of the Beck hopelessness scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 52(5), 555-558. P HSC
Edwards, L. M., Rand, K. L., Lopez, S. J., & Snyder, C. R. (2007). Understanding hope: A review of measurement and construct validity research. Book Series Title: Series in positive psychology. In Anthony D. Ong, & Manfred H. van Dulmen (Eds.), Oxford handbook of methods in positive psychology, (pp. 83-95). New York, NY, US: Oxford University Press. HSC
Eliot, J. & Olver,
Erickson, R.C., Post, R.D., & Paige, A.B. (1975). Hope as a psychiatric variable. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 31, 324-330. P HSC
Farran, C., Herth, K., & Popovich, J. (1995). Assessment in the clinical setting. In
Hope and hopelessness: Critical clinical constructs
Farran, C., Herth, K., & Popovich, J. (1995). Critique of existing measures. In Hope and hopelessness: Critical clinical constructs
Farran, C., Herth, K., & Popovich, J. (1995). Appendix A – Measures of hope. In Hope and hopelessness: Critical clinical constructs
Flammer, A. & Rheindorf, E. (1991). Control-belief and selective recall from autobiography. Archives de Psychologie, 59(229), 125-142. P HSC
Fraser, R., Johnson, E., Clemmons, D., Getter, A., Johnson, K., & Gibbons, L. (2003). Vocational rehabilitation in multiple sclerosis: A profile of clients seeking services. WORK: A Journal of Prevention, 21(1), 69-76. HSC
Fry, P. (1984). Development of a geriatric scale of hopelessness: Implications for counseling and intervention with the depressed elderly. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 31(3), 322-331. P
Gana, K., Daigre, S., & Ledrich, J. (2013). Psychometric properties of the French Version of the Adult Dispositional Hope Scale. Assessment, 20(1), 114-118. HSC
Gottschalk, L.A., Bechtel, R.J., Buchman, T.G. & Ray, S.E. (2005). Measurement of hope and associated neuropsychiatric dimensions by the computerized content analysis of speech and verbal texts. In J. Eliott (Ed.), Interdisciplinary perspectives on hope (pp. 215-229). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. HSC
Gottschalk, L.A. & Fronczek, J. (1993).
Defense mechanisms and hope as protective factors in physical and mental
disorders. In W. Ehlers, U. Hentschel, G.J.W. Smith,
& J.G. Draguns (Eds.), The concept of defense mechanisms in contemporary psychology: Theoretical, research, and clinical perspectives (pp. 339-359).
Greene, S.M. (1981). Levels of measured hopelessness in the general population. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 20, 11-14. P HSC
Greene, S.M., O’Mahoney, P., & Rungasamy, P. (1982). Levels of measured hopelessness in physically-ill patients. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 26(6), 591-593. P HSC
Gelling, L., Iddon, J., McVicar, A. & Pickard, J.D. (2004). CSF circulation disorders: Meaning progress in patients through quality of life and hope [Electronic version]. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 13(5), 589-600. P HSC
Grimm, P. (1984). The state-trait hope inventory: A measurement project. Unpublished manuscript, University of Maryland School of Nursing.
Halama, P. (1999). Snyder's hope scale. StudiaPsychologica, 41(4), 329-332. P
Harris, C.B. (1990). Hope: Construct definition and the development of an individual differences scale (Doctoral dissertation, University of Kansas, 1989). Dissertation Abstracts International, 51(05), 1552A.
Hellman, C. M., Pittman, M. K., & Munoz, R. T. (2013). The first twenty years of the will and the ways: An examination of score reliability distribution on Snyder's Dispositional Hope Scale. Journal of Happiness Studies, 14(3), 723-729. P HSC
Hendricks, C. S., Hendricks, D., Murdaugh, C., Tavakoli, A., Gibbons, M. E., Servonsky, E. J., Brock, T., Burton, P. D., & Gilmore, K. J. (2005). Psychometric testing of the Miller Hope Scale with rural southern adolescents. Journal of Multicultural Nursing & Health, 11(3), 41-50. HSC
Hendricks, D. L. & Hendricks, C. S. (2005). The relationship of hope and self-efficacy to health promoting behaviors among student-athletes attending historically black colleges and universities. Journal of Multicultural Nursing & Health, 11(3), 23-34. HSC
Herth, K.A. (1988). Psychometric testing of the
revised Herth Hope Scale with well adults.
Herth, K.A. (1989). The relationship between level of hope and level of coping response and other variables in patients with cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum, 16(1), 67-72. P HSC
Herth, K. (1991). Development and refinement of an instrument to measure hope. Scholarly Inquiry for Nursing Practice: An International Journal, 5(1), 39-51. P HSC
Herth, K. (1992). Abbreviated instrument to measure hope: Development and psychometric evaluation. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 17, 1251-1259. P HSC
Hinds, P. & Gattuso, J. (1991). Measuring hopefulness in adolescents. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 8(2), 92-94. P HSC
Hong, P. Y. P., Polanin, J. R., & Pigott, T. D. (2012). Validation of the employment hope scale: Measuring psychological self-sufficiency among low-income jobseekers. Research on Social Work Practice, 22(3), 323-332. P HSC
Jakobsson, A., Segesten, K., Nordholm, L., & Oeresland, S. (1993). Establishing a Swedish instrument measuring hope. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 7(3), 135-139. P HSC
Joyce, A. S., MacNair-Semands, R., Tasca, G. A., & Ogrodniczuk, J. S. (2011, August 8). Factor structure and validity of the Therapeutic Factors Inventory–Short Form. Group dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/a0024677 HSC
Juntunen, C. L. & Wettersten, K. B. (2006). Work hope: Development and initial validation of a measure. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53(1), 94-106. P HSC
Kato, T. & Snyder, C. R. (2005). The relationship between hope and subjective well-being: Reliability and validity of the dispositional hope scale, Japanese version. [Japanese]. Japanese Journal of Psychology, 76(3), 227-234. P HSC
Kemer, G., & Atik, G. (2012). Hope and social support in high school students from urban and rural areas of Ankara, Turkey. Journal of Happiness of Students, 13(5), 901-911. HSC
Kim, D. S., Moon, W. H., Ahn, S. Y., Oh, H. S., Kwon, K. H., Park, M. K., Choi, H. S., & Lee, M. O. (2004). Meta-analysis of the research findings concerning functional relationships of explanatory variables to hope. [Korean] Daehan Ganho Haghoeji, 34(5), 673-84.
V.L. (2003). An exploration of the psychological and theological factors
related to hope (Doctoral dissertation,
Lopez, S.J., Ciarlelli, R., Coffman, L., Stone,
M., & Wyatt, L. (2000). Diagnosing for strengths: On measuring hope
building blocks. In C.R. Snyder (Ed.), Handbook
of hope: Theory, measures, and applications (pp. 57-85).
Lopez, S.J., Snyder, C.R., & Pedrotti, J.T.
(2003). Hope: Many definitions, many measures. In S.J. Lopez & C.R. Snyder
(Eds.), Positive psychological assessment: A handbook of models and measures (pp.
Luo, Y.-C., Huang, L.-L., Lin, Y.-C., & Hwang, K.-K. (2010). The duality of hope: The development and validation of a new scale. Chinese Journal of Psychology, 52(3), 265-285. P HSC
Maree, D. J. F., Maree, M.., & Collins, C. (2008). Constructing a South African hope measure. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 18(1), 167-178. P HSC
Marques, S. C., Pais-Ribeiro, J. L., & Lopez, S. J. (2009). Validation of a Portuguese version of the Children's Hope Scale. School Psychology International, 30 (5), 538-551. HSC
Miller, J.F. (1987). Development of an instrument to measure hope (Doctoral dissertation, University of Illinois, 1986). Dissertation Abstracts International, 47(11), 4469B.
Miller, J.F., & Powers, M.J. (1988). Development of an instrument to measure hope. Nursing Research, 37(1), 6-10. HSC
Moore, D. J. (2008). A comprehensive analysis of the African American adolescent hope scale (AAAHS). Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 68(7-B).
Nowotny, M.L. (1989). Assessment of hope in patients with cancer: Development of an instrument. Oncology Nursing Forum, 16(1), 57-61. P HSC
Nunn, K. P., Lewin, T. J., Walton, J. M., & Carr, V. J. (1996). The construction and characteristics of an instrument to measure personal hopefulness. Psychological Medicine, 26(3), 531-545. P HSC
A.O., Collins, J.L., Carter, A.L., Rao, M.S.,
Ohaski, A. (2002). Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Herth Hope Scale. Japanese Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 13(10), 1187-1196.
Pacico, J. C., Zanon, C., Bastianello, M. R., Reppold, C. T., & Hutz, C. S. (2013). Adaptation and validation of the Brazilian Version of the Hope Index. International Journal of Testing, 13(3), 193-200. HSC
Phillips-Salimi, C. R., Haase, J. E., Kintner, E. K., Monahan, P. O., & Azzouz, F. (2007). Psychometric properties of the Herth Hope Index in adolescents and young adults with cancer. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 15(1), 3-23. HSC
Pringle, M. R. (2009). The African American Adolescent Hope Scale: An examination of its population validity. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 69(9-B).
Rakke, B.K. (1997). Impact of self-report check lists on level of hope (Doctoral dissertation, Indiana State University, 1997). Dissertation Abstracts International, 57(09), 5973B. (UMI No. 9703921).
Raleigh, E.D.H. & Boehm, S. (1994). Development of the multidimensional hope scale. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 2(2), 155-167. P HSC
Ripamonti, C. I., Buonaccorso, L., Maruelli, A., Bandieri, E., Boldini, S., Pessi, M. A., Chiesi, F., & Miccinesi, G. (2012). Hope Herth Index (HHI): A validation study in Italian patients with solid and hematological malignancies on active cancer treatment. Tumori, 98(3), 385-392. HSC
Robinson, C., & Rose, S. (2010). Predictive, construct, and convergent validity of general and domain-specific measures of hope for college student academic achievement. Research in the Schools, 17(1), 38-52. HSC
Roesch, S. C. & Vaughan, A. A. (2006). Evidence for the factorial validity of the Dispositional Hope Scale: Cross-ethnic and cross-gender measurement equivalence. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 22(2), 78-84. P HSC
Rose, S. (2008). The expansion and validation of dispositional and academic measures of hope.Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 69(5-A).
Rose, S., Elkis-Abuhoff, D., Goldblatt, R., & Miller, E. (2012). Hope against the rain: Investigating the psychometric overlap between an objective and projective measure of hope in a medical student sample. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 39(4), 272-278. P HSC
Rustoen, T., & Moum, T. (1997). Reliability and validity of the Norwegian version of the Nowotny Hope Scale. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 11(1), 33-41. P
Sartore, A. C. & Grossi, S. A. (2008). [Herth Hope Index--instrument adapted and validated to Portuguese]. [Portuguese] Original Title: Escala de Esperanca de Herth--instrumento adaptado e validado para a lingua portuguesa. Revista Da Escola de Enfermagem Da Usp, 42(2), 227-32.
Schrank, B., Woppman, A., Grant Hay, A., Sibitz, I., Zehetmayer, S., & Lauber, C. (2012). Validation of the Integrative Hope Scale in people with psychosis. Psychiatry Research, 198(3), 395-399. HSC
Schrank, B., Woppmann, A., Sibitz, I., & Lauber, C. (2010). Development and validation of an integrative scale to assess hope. Health Expectations, 14(4), 417-428. HSC
Scioli, A., Ricci, M., Nyugen, T., & Scioli, E. R. (2011). Hope: Its nature and measurement. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 3(2), 78-97. P HSC
Shang, T.-C. (1995). Development and testing an instrument of hope: The Hope Indicator Questionnaire (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Arizona, 1994). Dissertation Abstracts International, 56(05), 2935B. (UMI No. 9527975).
Shorey, H. S., Little, T. D., Snyder, C. R., Kluck, B., & Robitschek, C. (2007).Hope and personal growth initiative: A comparison of positive, future-oriented constructs. Personality and Individual Differences, 43(7), 1917-1926. P HSC
Snyder, C. R. (2006). Measuring hope in children. Adolescent & Family Health, 4(1), 26-34. Inst for Youth Development. P HSC
Snyder, C. R. (2005). Measuring hope in children. In K. A. Moore & L. H. Lippman (Eds.), What do children need to flourish: Conceptualizing and measuring indicators of positive development (pp. 61-73). New York, NY, US: Springer Science + Business Media. HSC
Snyder, C.R. (2005). Teaching: The lessons of hope [Electronic version]. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 24(1), 72-84. P HSC
Snyder, C.R. (2000). The past and possible futures of hope. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 19(1), 11-28. P HSC
Snyder, C.R. (1995). Conceptualizing, measuring, and nurturing hope. Journal of Counseling & Development, 73(3), 355-360. P HSC
Snyder, C.R. (1994). The psychology of hope: You can get there from here.
Snyder, C.R. (1993). Hope for the journey. In A.P. Turnbull, J.M. Patterson, S.K. Behr, D.L. Murphy, J.G. marquis, & M.J. Blue-Banning (Eds.), Cognitive coping, families, and disability (pp. 271-286).
Snyder, C.R., Harris, C.,
Snyder, C.R., Hoza, B., Pelham, W.E., Rapoff, M., Ware, L., Danovsky, M., Highberger, L., Rubinstein, H., & Stahl, K.J. (1997). The development and validation of the Children's Hope Scale. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 22(3), 399-421. P HSC
Snyder, C.R., McDermott, D.,
Cook, W., & Rapoff, M.A. (1997). Measuring hope in children. In Hope for the journey: Helping children through good times and bad (pp.
Snyder, C. R., Rand, K. L., King, E. A., Feldman, D. B., & Woodward, J. T. (2002). “False” hope. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58(9), 1003-1022. HSC
Staats, S. (1989). Hope: A comparison of two self-report measures for adults. Journal of Personality and Assessment, 53(2), 366-375. P HSC
Staats, S. & Partlo, C. (1993). A brief report on hope in peace and war, and in good times and bad. Erratum, 30, 87-90. P HSC
Steed, L. (2001). Further validity and reliability evidence for Beck Hopelessness Scale scores in a nonclinical sample. Educational & Psychological Measurement, 61(2), 303-316. P
Steed, L.G. (2002). A psychometric comparison of four measures of hope and optimism. Educational & Psychological Measurement, 62(3), 466-482. P
Stoner, M. (1983). Hope and cancer patients (Doctoral dissertation, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, 1982). Dissertation Abstracts International, 44(01), 115B. (UMI No. 8312243).
Stoner, M.H. (1991). Response to ‘Development and refinement of an instrument to measure hope.’ Scholarly Inquiry for Nursing Practice: An International Journal, 5(1), 53-56. P HSC
Stoner, M.H. (1997). Measuring hope. In M. Frank-Stromberg, & S.J.
Olsen (Eds). Instruments
for clinical health-care research, 2nd ed. (pp. 133-140).
Sun, Q., Ng, K., & Wang, C. (2012). A validation study on a new Chinese Version of the Dispositional Hope Scale. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 45(2), 133-148. HSC
Trzebinski, J. & Zieba, M. (2004). Basic hope as a world-view: An outline of a concept. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 35(3), 173-182. P HSC
Vance, M.M. (1996). Measuring hope in personal narratives: Development and preliminary validation of the Narrative Hope Scale (Doctoral dissertation, University of Kansas, 1996). Dissertation Abstracts International, 57(06), 4087B.
Van Gestel-Timmermans, H., Van Den Bogaard, J., Brouwers, E., Herth, K., & Van Nieuwenhuizen, C. (2010). Hope as a determinant of mental health recovery: A psychometric evaluation of the Herth Hope Index-Dutch version. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, Supplement, 24, 67-74. HSC
Venning, A., Eliott, J., Kettler, L., & Wilson, A. (2009). Normative data for the Hope Scale using Australian adolescents. Australian Journal of Psychology, 61(2), 100-106. HSC
Vernberg, D., Snyder, C.R. & Schuh, M. (2005). Preliminary validation of a hope scale for a rare health condition using web-based methodology [Electronic version]. Cognition and Emotion, 19(4), 601-610. P HSC
Wahl, A., Rustoen, T., Lerdal, A., Hanestad, B., Knudsen, O., & Moum, T. (2004). The Norwegian version of the Herth Hope Index (HH-N): A psychometric study. Palliative and Supportive Care, 2(3), 255-263. HSC
Woodruff, T.W. (2003). Development and validation of the Children's
Domain-Specific Hope Scale (Doctoral dissertation,
Young, M.A., Halper, I.S.,
Zhao, B.-H., & Sun, Y. (2011). Reliability and validity of the Chinese vision of Children's Hope Scale.[Chinese] Chinese Mental Health Journal, 25(6), 454-459. P HSC